Schlagwort-Archive: architecture

Masters House Bauhaus

Even before the The Masters‘ Houses and the Bauhaus building itself were included on the #

UNESCO World Heritage List because of their unique cultural heritage there had been a world wide interest in the buildings designed by Walter Gropius.

Now the restoration and rebuilding of the historical buildings has been completed it is possible once again to get a complete impression of the ensemble, despite the fact that two of the original seven buildings are no longer there.

Photo © Ralph Graef

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Bauhaus

The Bauhaus building is regarded as a seminal work of European modernism. In the building the principles of functionalism are combined with a remarkable architectonic quality for which then pioneering materials like glass and reinforced concrete were used. Built as an institute of higher education, the building is a manifestation of the Bauhaus’ ideas. Beyond the architectonic significance with its radical new approaches, the site has a historically unique impact. Here, essential contributions were made to the revolutionary renewal of art, design and architecture in the twentieth century. The building is currently the seat of the #Bauhaus #Dessau #Foundation. Photo © Ralph Graef

The Bauhaus was forced to close down in 1933 due to pressure from the Nazis.

The Bauhaus was forced to close down in 1933 due to pressure from the Nazis. However, its ideas continued to spread all over the world along with the emigrating Bauhaus members – to the USA, Switzerland, Russia, and many other countries.

In the USA, Josef Albers became a respected art teacher at Black Mountain College (Asheville, North Carolina), which at times regarded itself as a successor to the Bauhaus. In 1937, László Moholy-Nagy founded the New Bauhaus in Chicago, which took up the educational programme developed in Weimar and Dessau by Walter Gropius and developed it further. Photography now played a more important part than it had earlier. The methodology of the New Bauhaus was adopted and modified by many other American colleges. This played a role in pushing back the Beaux Arts tradition that had predominated in the USA up to that time. In addition, the emigré former Bauhaus Directors Walter Gropius, Professor at the Graduate School of Design at Harvard University, and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Director of the Department of Architecture at the Armour Institute in Chicago, contributed to the further spread of Bauhaus thought in their work and teaching.